Payset prespective
May 8, 2024

Demand and Supply Management

Demand and supply management is a strategic process that syncs what businesses sell with what customers need. It’s a complex balance of meeting market demand, driving optimal resource usage, and enhancing overall customer satisfaction.

Key Takeaways:

  • Adopting advanced technologies such as AI and machine learning in planning enhances demand forecast accuracy and supply chain efficiency. This allows for quick adjustments to market changes.

  • Case studies of industry leaders showcase the important role of agile supply chain strategies in maintaining a competitive business advantage and fostering customer loyalty.


Today’s global marketplace thrives on effective demand and supply management. A cornerstone of the broader supply chain management (SCM) process, demand and supply management is a complex balancing act that aims to have products and services available precisely where and when they’re needed, matching consumer demand with supply capabilities. 

By accurately forecasting future demand and aligning it with production and supply, businesses can manage costs, optimise profits, and stay agile in a competitive landscape. Successful demand and supply management positions companies to respond swiftly to market changes, streamline inventory management, and minimise wastage. This leads to better business performance and assures that customers receive timely and reliable service, boosting their satisfaction and loyalty.

Understanding Demand Planning

Demand planning is an area within SCM that focuses on forecasting customer demand to drive the entire supply chain operation. The process uses historical data, market trends, and predictive analytics to predict future customer demand for products and services. Accurate forecasting allows businesses to align their inventory and production to meet customer needs without overstocking or under-supplying.

Successful demand planning hinges on optimising resources and streamlining operations. It enables companies to respond to inevitable fluctuations in demand, reducing the risk of excess inventory and having capital tied up in unsold stock. Ultimately, by helping organisations meet their customer service levels, good demand planning leads to customer satisfaction and retention.

An essential tool in this process is demand-forecasting software. These applications analyse vast amounts of data with sophisticated algorithms to identify patterns and trends that can forecast future demand with high precision. By integrating real-time data from sources like sales, marketing, and external market conditions, these systems help companies to respond quickly to changes in demand.

Of course, a process as complex as demand planning comes with a set of challenges. Market volatility and a rapidly changing competitive landscape can significantly affect the accuracy of demand forecasts. Also, economic shifts, new market entrants, or changes in consumer preferences can quickly make a once-reliable forecast obsolete. 

Crucial to accurate forecasts are quality of the data used and the ability of the software to adapt to new market realities. Working with these variables calls for continuous refinement of forecasting models and strategies, making demand planning a steady and dynamic effort within supply chain management.

Supply Planning Essentials

Supply planning focuses on aligning production with anticipated market demand. This process ensures that the necessary resources—including materials, labour, and production capacity—are available to meet forecasted demands without surplus.

Inventory levels are a determining element in supply planning. Good inventory management ensures that there is enough stock to fulfil orders promptly while avoiding the pitfalls of overstocking, which can tie up capital and increase storage costs. Coherent inventory control helps maintain the delicate balance between meeting customer demands and optimising cash flow.

Lead times—the period between ordering and receiving goods—are equally crucial in supply planning. Shorter lead times can boost a company’s agility, allowing it to respond more rapidly to changes in demand. They can also be challenging, as short lead times require precise coordination and often depend on strong relationships with suppliers and well-organised internal processes.

Technology plays a central part in optimising supply planning. Inventory management software, for example, provides tools that automate stock level monitoring and reorder processes, and integrate with forecasting systems. This tech allows for versatile adjustments to inventory and production schedules, helping businesses adapt to changes in demand quickly and efficiently. By taking advantage of this software, companies can achieve a more responsive and resilient supply chain.

Inventory Management in the Supply Chain 

Inventory management aims to maintain the ideal balance of stock in various stages of the supply chain. The goal is to have products available when needed while minimising the costs associated with holding and handling inventory, as well as avoiding shortages. 

Maintaining optimal inventory levels is important. Excessive inventory can lead to high holding costs, including storage and insurance, while too little inventory risks stockouts, missed sales opportunities, and potential fraying of customer relationships. Finding the right inventory balance helps to keep costs lower and customer contentment higher. 

Best practices in supply chain inventory management include accurate demand forecasting and organised inventory classification. Demand forecasting uses historical sales data, market trends, and predictive analytics to anticipate future demand. This information is essential for determining the appropriate inventory levels to maintain. 

A well-organised inventory classification system helps in better managing stock by categorising items based on their sales velocity, seasonality, and profit margins. Implementing these practices allows businesses to respond flexibly to market demands, reduce waste, and increase overall supply chain responsiveness.

Risk Mitigation and Management

Risk mitigation in SCM involves identifying potential risks, assessing their impact, and putting strategies in place to manage them so as to ensure a stable supply chain.

One of the key strategies in this type of risk mitigation is diversification of supply sources. This approach reduces dependency on a single supplier, which can be an urgent issue if that supplier faces disruptions. Another strategy is maintaining safety stock or buffer inventory to protect against demand fluctuations and supply delays. Finally, contingency planning, including alternative logistics options and emergency response strategies, ensures that the supply chain can adapt and continue running under problem scenarios.

A real-world example of successful risk mitigation is Apple’s strategy in diversifying its supplier base after the 2011 earthquake in Japan. Having several suppliers based in the affected areas, Apple identified the risk of over-reliance on single geographic locations for critical components. In response, they broadened their network of suppliers across different regions, minimising the impact of regional disruptions and improving their negotiation leverage and supply chain resilience. This shift allowed Apple to maintain steady production rates and meet global demand efficiently, even during periods of significant supply chain stress.

Good risk mitigation strategies not only protect against unexpected events but also enhance the overall resilience of the supply chain, allowing businesses to respond swiftly and efficiently to disruptions and maintain consistent service levels.

The Role of Technology in Demand and Supply Management

Technology, particularly advancements in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning, now plays a major role in refining demand and supply management. AI algorithms analyse vast amounts of data to identify patterns and predict future demand more accurately than was previously possible. These tools enhance supply planning by optimising inventory levels, predicting maintenance needs, and suggesting production adjustments, improving efficiency and reducing costs.

Collaborative planning tools further enhance supply chain performance by facilitating better communication and coordination between different stakeholders. These tools integrate data from different sources, providing a unified view that helps align planning and execution across the chain. Benefits include increased transparency, quicker response times to market changes, and more cohesive decision-making, which collectively boost the agility and resilience of supply chains.

A few tools stand out in supporting businesses with demand and supply management. SAP Integrated Business Planning (SAP IBP) offers extensive capabilities for aligning supply and demand planning. Oracle SCM provides comprehensive solutions that manage supply chain operations, including demand management, supply chain planning, and fulfilment. And Infor SCM, combines advanced analytics with rich industry-specific functionalities to deliver enhanced supply chain visibility and planning precision.

Challenges and Solutions in Demand and Supply Management

Navigating the intricacies of demand and supply management presents several challenges, with inaccurate forecasting and customer dissatisfaction at the forefront. Inaccurate forecasting can lead to overproduction or underproduction, both of which strain resources and hinder profitability. This miscalculation often results from leaning heavily on historical data without considering market dynamics or consumer behaviour shifts. Customer dissatisfaction, on the other hand, may arise from failure to meet delivery expectations or maintain product quality, directly affecting brand loyalty and revenue.

To address these challenges, adopting holistic demand-shaping strategies can be highly beneficial. Demand shaping means adjusting marketing and sales strategies to steer customer demand towards what’s available, better matching it with what the business can supply. It’s a proactive approach that optimises inventory and better ensures product availability and timely delivery.

Taking advantage of ever-advancing technologies is another key strategy. Tools like predictive analytics and AI-driven forecasting models can significantly improve accuracy by analysing current market trends, consumer feedback, and real-time sales data. 

Implementing integrated SCM systems leads to better coordination and information sharing across departments, enhancing responsiveness to market changes and customer needs. Together, these solutions create the conditions for a more agile, responsive, and customer-focused supply chain, mitigating risks associated with demand and supply management.

Enhancing Customer Satisfaction

Supply chain management plays a major role in elevating customer satisfaction by directly influencing service levels, product availability, and delivery times. Effective SCM ensures that operations are customer-centric, focusing on meeting demand accurately and promptly.

One of the primary impacts of SCM on customer service levels is its ability to maintain high product availability. By integrating sophisticated forecasting and inventory management techniques, SCM enables businesses to predict customer demand accurately and maintain appropriate stock levels. This reduces stock-outs and backorders, making sure that customers can find the products they need without delays.

SCM also optimises logistics and distribution processes, which in turn improves delivery times. Advanced planning systems can streamline the movement of goods from suppliers to distribution centres and ultimately to customers. Efficient routing, scheduling, and carrier management also contribute to faster, more reliable delivery services.

By enhancing product availability and delivery reliability, well-run SCM provides a seamless shopping experience that lives up to customer expectations and boosts long-term loyalty.

Case Studies and Real-World Applications


Amazon's use of sophisticated demand forecasting algorithms and robust SCM is a benchmark in the industry. By leveraging big data analytics and AI, Amazon predicts customer buying patterns with high accuracy, which helps in maintaining optimal inventory levels and planning deliveries efficiently. 

The company's introduction of Amazon Prime, which guarantees two-day delivery, showcases its commitment to SCM that directly enhances customer satisfaction. The company is a prime example of how integrating technology with every facet of the supply chain, from warehousing to logistics, allowed them to raise the bar on customer expectations and continue to meet them.


Zara, a leading global fashion retailer, excels in demand and supply management through its agile supply chain strategy. By keeping production close to its headquarters and continuously monitoring store sales and customer preferences, Zara can quickly adapt its offerings. 

This responsiveness allows the company to reduce overstock and introduce new designs in a matter of weeks, rather than months, which is typical in the fashion industry. Zara’s approach highlights the importance of flexibility and the speed of response in SCM, enabling rapid adjustments to inventory and production based on current market trends.


Toyota’s implementation of the Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory system revolutionized SCM in the automotive industry. This strategy minimizes inventory costs and reduces warehouse space by receiving goods only as they are needed in the production process. Toyota’s strong supplier relationships ensure high-quality parts are delivered reliably and just in time, which has significantly increased efficiency and reduced waste. Toyota’s strategy shows how close collaboration with suppliers and timely data exchange are crucial for minimising inventory and enhancing production efficiency.

What Can These Three Companies Tell Us About Best Practices?

From these case studies, several best practices emerge: the use of advanced technologies for accurate demand forecasting, maintaining a flexible supply chain that can rapidly respond to the market, and fostering strong supplier relationships to ensure quality and timely delivery. All improve operational efficiencies and elevate the overall customer experience, proving essential for success in today’s dynamic market environments.


The essence of effective demand and supply management is a strategic dance, expertly balancing product availability with consumer needs to drive satisfaction and resource optimization. 

Advanced technologies such as AI and machine learning have become integral in refining forecasting methods, allowing businesses to nimbly adjust to market shifts and maintain a competitive edge. Industry leaders in a range of retail sectors have demonstrated that well-implemented supply chain strategies are game changers when it comes to operational efficiencies and customer relations. 

As industries continue to evolve, the demand for meticulous supply chain management that seamlessly integrates technology and strategic foresight will undoubtedly intensify, remaining a critical component in the landscape of global commerce.

open account

Frequently asked questions

What is a multi-currency account/virtual IBAN?

A Payset multi-currency account allows you to receive money in 34 different currencies and send money in up to 38 currencies, all within the same account.

You can deposit and withdraw funds, convert currencies at competitive exchange rates, and hold your chosen currencies to capitalize on market movements.

A Payset multi-currency account allows startups and business owners to receive payments from clients virtually anywhere in the world and pay suppliers, staff, and contractors quickly and affordably in their chosen currency.

  • Funds can be deposited and withdrawn from the account for a small fee.
  • Account holders can send and receive money with other Payset users for free.
  • Depending on your region, you can use various payment networks from your Payset account, including SWIFT, SEPA, ACH, Fedwire, Faster Payments, BACS, and CHAPS. 
  • Once you register an account, you will be provided with a Virtual IBAN (International Bank Account Number), which makes all of these transfers easy.
  • We provide you with local payments and collections. For example, transactions in USD, EUR, CAD, and GBP are processed through the local payment networks, which is far cheaper and takes minutes as opposed to days

Are there limits on the amount of money I can send and receive?

No, there are no transaction limits on Payset multi-currency accounts.

However, higher-volume transactions may require additional anti-fraud verification. If you plan to make a large transaction, contact us in advance to avoid verification delays.

How is Payset regulated?

Payset is regulated as an authorized Electronic Money Institution by the UK Financial Conduct Authority. Our activities are also regulated by the Payment Services Regulation 2017 and the Electronic Money Regulation 2011 (SI 2011/99).

How do I send money from my account?

Once you have opened your verified IBAN account and added money to a balance, transferring funds is simple.

Simply log in into your account and add a beneficiary, then simply “make a transfer” in your preferred currency to that beneficiary.

Information contained in this publication is provided for general education and information purposes only and should not be construed as legal, tax, investment or other professional advice or recommendation, or an offer of, or solicitation for, any transactions or any other actions (or refraining therefrom); This material has been prepared without taking into account any particular recipient’s financial objectives or situation. We make no warranty, guarantee or representation, whether express or implied, as to the completeness or accuracy of the information contained herein or fitness thereof for a particular purpose; Use of images and symbols is made for illustrative purposes only and does not constitute a recommendation or advice to take or refraining from any action; Use of brand logos does not necessarily imply a contractual relationship between us and the entities owning the logos, nor does it represent an endorsement of any such entity by Pay Set Limited, or vice versa; Market information is made available to you only as a service, and we do not endorse or approve it; Any reference to past performance, predicted returns, or likelihood performance scenarios may not reflect actual future performance and certainly do not guarantee future outcomes.

Manage Global Payment with a Payset Business Account

Rating star

I wanted to express my appreciation for the successful cooperation between my firm and Payset. I would like to point out in particular the professionalism, the manner in which requests are handled, the quick response time and the satisfaction of the clients. I strongly believes that we will continue to move forward and create many collaborations in the future

Asaf and the team
Rating star

The experience of using PaySet account was really interesting. It is one of the most ergonomic systems I have ever used. Support provided is fast and enquires are resolved in no time. I am very satisfied for using this account! Keep going guys!

Christina Loizou
Accountant at Lytria
Rating star

Through our experience with Payset we are happy to say the services provided were accommodated to our needs perfectly and were performed professionally. The support and customer care is fast and efficient, no question or request is left unanswered or unresolved. 10/10

Payments and Risk Manager, CanadaP LTD
Rating star

For the past year, we have worked hand in hand with Payset Limited to assist us with numerous payments related services. At no one time have they failed me, and they have always been on time, making them one of our top reliable business partners.

Clearsky network
Payments Team
Clearsky Network

Getting started is easy

Say Hi

Say hi

Share a few details about your business and leave us your contact info

Get on Board

Get on board

An account executive will guide you through the on-boarding process which is quick and simple

Enjoy using it

Enjoy using it

Log-in to your account to manage your funds 24/7 and enjoy low fees and fast execution

Open account